Bamboos in pots are not something impossible. You can plant it effectively using containers too. You will learn with the complete information about it in this post.
Bamboo is a perennial grass plant that can grow quickly with low maintenance. Some varieties of this plant can get vigorously spreading from underground rhizomes in the garden of your house.
The growth of this invasive type of plant can be controlled when it is in containers, so it is not going to be that hard.
Choosing Types to Grow Bamboos in Pots
There are two main types of bamboo plants, Running and Clumping. The clumping one grows at a slower pace and stand-still. On the contrary, the running one will spread throughout the garden space if there is no effort of controlling it.
Knowing about the growth patterns is crucial for growing bamboos in pots. The patterns tend to be different and diverse. Make sure you do the repotting because the fast-growing bamboo will turn into a root-bound and fragile one. After that, they will die ultimately.
There are the best varieties to grow in pots such as Multiplex Hedge, Seabreeze, Buddha Belly, and Fargesia. Choosing the bamboo for containers is similar to the selection for the outdoor garden. You should know about the sunlight exposure and shade amount per day.
One important point of growing bamboos in pots is to make sure that the variety selected is cold hardy enough for the location you are about to plant it.
Choosing the Container
The size of containers in planting bamboo is one of the keys to success. You should get a large container that contains proper drainage holes. The size should have at least 18 to 20 inches of depth with similar wide.
The diameter size must be a bit wider than the depth and width. If you are planting the invasive bamboos in pots, always thin them regularly to keep the spread in check.
When growing bamboos in pots, it is better to choose a larger container to prepare for the spread. The bigger the vessel, the better it will be. For the record, this kind of plant can be safely transplanted to another space including the ground.
What will you do about the shape? Well, it is something important to consider. The right shape of the pot will get the bamboo to be easily removed. It will not be damaging the system of the root. So, do not choose the vase-like pots that have narrow tops. It should be wider than the bottom.
You should also consider the weight. Choose the material according to the weather. Avoid the lightweight container if the space is quite windy. To secure the bamboos in pots from freezing and hot conditions, choose the one with double-walled plastic or synthetic material.
You can go with the wooden or galvanized tub planters since they can be stained or painted. The key is to have containers that drain well and holds soil. That would be ideal for growing bamboos in pots.
The Importance of Soil
Growing bamboos in pots should use a soil mix that can hold moisture in balance and good drainage. The most important functions of soil are drainage, nutrient retentions, and the stability and support of the root.
Bamboo plants like moist soil, not the wet one because the most prevalent killer in both containers and the ground is the soggy surface. Therefore, it is important to consider drainage. Make sure the mix you pick holds water evenly.
The soil mix should also be able to retain nutrients. It would allow the roots of the bamboos in pots to absorb and spread them to the entire body of the plants.
A good soil mix has to provide conditions to develop a strong system for the root. It will make the whole part of the tree stand up to inclement and keep steady.
Do not use native soil from the landscape to fill up the container. It will be a disaster to the bamboos in pots since it will hold more water and making the container heavier too.
How to Water Bamboos in Pots
It is another crucial part of the job. Watering is very important to any sort of plant. The amount of water to pour is according to the need. For bamboos in pots, water it twice a week and make the soil to be slightly moist.
When the weather condition is hot and dry, you should increase the quantity of water. Check the amount of moisture on the topsoil by poking the finger 2 inches in. If it feels dry, it is the time for watering.
When you notice the leaves are inward, it also means that the plant needs more water. Make sure always to check your bamboos in pots, so you will know whenever it needs freshness.
The Light Exposure
It is not going to be an issue with bamboos since they can grow both in full to partial sun. If you were planning to grow bamboo in pots indoors or semi-outdoors, it would be better to choose varieties like Thamnocalamus and sasa. They both can thrive in partial shade especially during hot days.
If you are dealing with the giant bamboos in pots, they need about 5 to 6 hours direct, full sunlight. For a variety that can handle fully to partial shade, choose the Silverstripe one. It thrives well in both conditions. So, giving the plants the light exposure should be based on the types.
The Steps of Planting Bamboos in Pots
First, line the bottom part of the container with shade cloth or fabric before filling it with the soil mix. It is to keep the drain holes from being blocked by the soil. The next thing to do is to remove the bamboo plants from the first-growing pot.
Remove the bamboos in pots by lifting them gently from the first planter. If you find the root ball stuck in the container, just cut it away. After it is off the pot, loosen some feeder roots al around the root ball surface. Do it gently without ruining it.
The next step is to pour some soil mixture in the bottom of the new container. Just fill in a small amount of the mix. Place the bamboo plant inside that pot. Set the root ball sitting on the potting mix about 1 to 2 inches below the rim.
Pour some soil mix around the rootball, tamping as you go. Do it until it reaches the balanced level with the top edge of the root. After that, water the soil thoroughly until you see the water goes out from the holes at the bottom.
Then, you may start to add more potting mix into the container if the surface level of the soil is decreased when you water it. Make sure everything is even. For the surface, add a half-inch wood chips or sphagnum moss for a sleek finish.
The Best Types for Bamboos in Pots
1. The Chinese Fountain Bamboo
The Latin name for this variety is Fargesia nitida. People also called it the blue fountain bamboo, which can reach from 3 to 4 meters high. To keep the tree upright, you will need a large and heavy container.
What makes it different from other types of bamboo is the umbrella shapes that it tends to form. This variety will grow a very hardy tree with the leaves that make the plant more appealing.
When you have a bunch of canes in one pot, there will be a large umbrella of tall bamboo with leaves that go upward and inward. You should grow it in a sheltered area to prevent it from being blown over.
You can add a balanced fertilizer into the soil monthly during the growing season to have it grows well. This bamboo is quite easy to find. Just buy it from Amazon and eBay at a decent price.
2. Golden Chinese Timber Bamboo
This variety of bamboo is for you who are looking to illuminate the sunshine in your outdoor area. It is going to be making a perfect block for it. When it pots, it could make the same function. It will need a couple of adjustments to fit.
Its bright golden yellow canes set this bamboo apart from the other varieties. Each of the bamboos has green leaves to give a perfect accent. The whole tree can grow up to 8 meters tall and 15cm wide.
This majestic type of bamboo provides a great illumination that you need with its green stripes and leaves. Set them in the sunniest part of the outdoor space. They will enjoy it a lot, so it is going to be a perfect plant for the porch or patio.
3. Umbrella Bamboo
This fully hardy bamboo is also called as Rufa or Fargesia murieliae. This variety will enjoy the partial shade.
This evergreen plant will grow well in any type of soil and pH levels. However, it is still recommended to use the good potting mix when growing them in pots. The mixture should be a combination of potting compost and soil improver.
Instead of a pot, you can use a large trough. It is to make use of the plant to be a hedge or screen in the area. This bamboo will also offer a pleasing uniqueness. It has got shrimp pink canes when getting new growth. When it goes mature, the color would be yellow with narrow green leaves.
4. Black Bamboo
Phyllostachys nigra or Black Bamboo is a stunning variety that comes with jet black stems and green leaves. The dark and deep green color causes them to be looking like black. It is a unique plant for your house. People would think that it is not a real plant since it is rare to see bamboos in that color.
The delightfully colorful canes are what attract people to admire this bamboo. It is one of the most sought after varieties. The plant can reach up to 4 meters high. You should prepare a large and heavy pot for this one.
The contrast charm that it provides to your space sets a perfect mood for the surrounding area. Black bamboo can also handle any quality of the soil. To grow it effectively, it is recommended to use the combination of potting compost and soil improver.
Grow black bamboo in pots in tight clusters for a maximum scene. You have to plant the tree in a sheltered space since it cannot handle a lot of sunlight. It is going to be a great choice for an indoor houseplant.
5. Sinuate Bamboo
This type of plant is also called as the spring beauty. It will produce bamboo stems upwards of 10cm thick and 4 meters high. Compared to other varieties, this one is smaller. At some part of the growing time, it would get the yellow-reddish maroon color.
There is going to be the yellow and yellow-green culms to complete the tree. This sinuate bamboo also benefits from cutting back after flowering. You can buy this plant at the nurseries on eBay.
This type of running bamboo has a spreading, arching habit. The green leaves can go up to 15cm long and 2cm wide. The slightly wavy culms can be yellow and green too. When they get mature, the color would be dark green and have up to 4cm in diameter.
Designers use this bamboo to be the screening hedging plant. The invasive nature of this plant could be a problem for your space.
6. Narihira Bamboo
This green temple bamboo can be controlled when it grows in containers. So, it is going to be a great pick, right? Even though it is considered as the largest variety, you can keep its growth according to the finish you want.
In containers, you can grow Narihira bamboo up to 4 meters high. On the contrary, the real growth of this variety is 10 meters high. Whether it is sunny or shady, it can still grow well and effectively. Keep checking for the additional branches. Do the pruning and thinning regularly.
After reading all parts, you can get ready to plant the bamboo you want. That information is enough to make you love growing bamboos as part of the garden decor. Just pick the right variety for the house.
You can even choose the bamboo you like according to the colors that you can match the style of the house. So, let’s get ready to grow bamboos in pots.