Flower Gardening,  Gardening Tips

12 Bromeliad Types and How to Care for Them Indoors

When you are talking about houseplants, the plants from bromeliad types cannot be excepted. Instead, they should be your ultimate choice due to their tolerance to low lighting.

Originated from the tropical countries of South and North America, they are guaranteed to grow well indoors in any other hot climate region. Having some pots of bromeliads to liven up your home interior and work environment is a very clever idea.

Suit ones with your needs by knowing their cultures first. This page will disclose the best bromeliad species list to grow indoors along with the requirements to care for them.

Scan them below!

A. Indoor Bromeliad Types

Indoor Bromeliad Types
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Before buying any specific kind, you should know which types of bromeliad houseplants that will work best in your space since there are at least 50 genera with more than 3,000 species out there. Many of them are especially costly indoor specimens.

1. Aechmea

Aechmea for your interior of bromeliad types
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Aechmea is a Greek word, which means spear in English. It is named after its spearhead-like leaves. If you want to have some coloration in your interior, consider having this as it comes in varying shades of pink, purple, red, and red-orange combination.

Some species even produce color-changing berries and foliages with unique markings. These bromeliad types are difficult to resist!

2. Ananas

Pineapple plant turns out to be of bromeliad types
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Pineapple plant turns out to be of bromeliad types under the botanical name of ananas that you can harvest. It is the most popular species in dwarf variety. As it is consumable, growing one at your very own home will be fascinating.

The leaves’ colors vary according to the plant’s age. Green foliages are seen in the young plantations while the mature ones have pink to red shades without replacing the verdant color as you see in the picture. They have a waxy surface and spines on the sides.

3. Billbergia

Billbergia is flowers show in colors of blue, green, pink, and yellow
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Billbergia is named after a Swedish botanist, Gustave Billberg. From a small pot of this plant, you will get bushy and protruded foliages with hollow long round flowers appear from brilliant roseate bracts. Each of them dangles like lockets on a nice stem.

The flowers show in colors of blue, green, pink, and yellow. To have the best billbergia, keep it in full sun and water it when the topsoil is dry.

4. Catopsis

Catopsis is categorized as an air plant
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Catopsis is categorized as an air plant. It means this bromeliad grows on other plantations and absorbs water as well as nutrients from the atmosphere. Its leaves are floppy and soft, forming an urn shape. When mature enough, flowers will emerge from where the middle of the stalks is.

It belongs to bromeliad types that demand indirect yet bright light and prefer filtered water to avoid a build-up of mineral.

5. Cryptanthus

cryptanthus requires only little maintenance
OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Source

You cannot exclude cryptanthus from the list when talking about bromeliad types to grow indoors. Besides its foliages that can appear colorfully in bronze, brown, green, pink, and red, this plant is also small thus does not take up much space.
Additionally, cryptanthus requires only little maintenance and does well in a low lighting environment.

6. Dyckia

Dyckia with thorns and gray leaves
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If not for their bending green-gray leaves with jagged thorns on the sides, people would often confuse this plant with some succulents, such as aloe or agave. Besides their similar appearances, they also share a good trait of having drought tolerance.

7. Guzmania

Guzmania for bromeliad types for outdoors
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The leaves are very similar to pandanus, another tropical type of plant that grows mostly in Southeast Asian countries. Only, guzmania has it differently with flowers in pink, orange, red, yellow, and white shades blooming in the center.

Guzmania turns out to be one of the bromeliad types for outdoors because, in the wild, this plant is categorized as an epiphyte, which grows on other trees but without taking nutrients from the boarded plants. However, it is also possible to grow it indoors.

8. Neoregelia

Nidularium is commonly found in Brazil’s rain forests
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Neoregelia is up for foliage specimens. Instead of favoring the tall flowering bracts like the other bromeliad types, this plant outperforms them in its stunning leaves. It has an impression of strong plantation due to the visually hardy structure.

Apart from red, like the ones seen in the picture, other neoregelias can also come in orange, pink, and purple, which you should not miss.

9. Nidularium

billbergia is named after a Swedish botanist
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Nidularium is commonly found in Brazil’s rain forests. Though it is native to tropical climates and used to grow on decaying logs, this plant can be grown indoors in containers as well.
The foliages form an arrangement of those like bird nests and support the flowering at the center that appears in purple, red, and white shades.

10. Portea

tillandsia is included in the air plant category
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If billbergia is named after a Swedish botanist, portea got its name from a French plant collector, Dr. Marius Porte. This plantation is up for both flowering and foliage specimens.

While it grows beautiful small flowers in deep blue buds on pink stems, the leaves appear to be colorful as well in blue, pink, purple, and teal shades. To have the best coloration of portea, keep it facing east or west near the window, where the sunny source is abundant.

11. Tillandsia

vriesea indeed is popular for its flowering specimen
bromeliad or vriesea splendens flower Source

Have not heard of tillandsia before is possible since it is not so popular amongst houseplant gardeners. It belongs to tiny bromeliad types and is included in the air plant category.

Growing ones is an easy job as the plants demand little attention and care. They are also perfect to grow in humid climates. Their small size will not take up much space as well.

12. Vriesea

 

You can identify bromeliad species, some of them by their distinctive flower, like vriesea, which indeed is popular for its flowering specimen. It blooms in the colorful appearance of total red, orange-yellow combination, or other shades in a similar spectrum.

Vrieseas are bromeliad types that are meant to complete your desks or worktops with a natural vibe since they only need a little space.

B. Bromeliad Types Care as Houseplants

Bromeliad Types Care as Houseplants
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Ideal conditions are what make bromeliad types last as long as years. Provide them with appropriate water, fertilization, humidity, proper pot, satisfactory light, and temperature. The explanation is as follows.

1. Fertilization

Fertilization of Houseplants
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Acidic fertilizer in water-soluble form should be used in bromeliads fertilization. Dilute it first to ¼-1/8 strength. Drench the central tank, leaves, and the medium of the potting. The other option is to use the slow-release one.

Be cautious of overfertilization, as it leads to color lost and overgrown rosettes production in bad shape.

2. Humidity

Humidity of Houseplants
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Plants of bromeliad types love moderate humidity of 50% to 75%. While we are at it, the higher the temperature, the more dampness level they need. However, too much exposure could prevent the leaves from growing normally. They will not appear as attractive as the normal leaves.

3. Light

Light of Houseplants
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The requirement for each species may vary, but twelve to sixteen hours is the appropriate time for bromeliad types of plants to get sunlight exposure. It is as long as the sun is up. Mostly, they require 2,000 footcandles to grow well, but under 3,000–4,000 footcandles, they show better development.

Bromeliads can tolerate that much amount of light without being bleached or burned. Depart from that principle, the other requirements, of course, follow suit. Thus, more air circulation and higher humidity are needed to avoid drying.

In case the insufficiency of natural light in where you grow the bromeliads is worrisome, fluorescent lights can be your best bet. Hanging the fixture 8 inches above the highest part of the plants will be more than just do.

4. Potting

Potting of Houseplants
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Various materials can be used in bromeliads potting, as long as it holds moisture, drains fast, and has low pH value. Yet, do not add soil into the mix.

The major intention of the potting mix is not to supply nutrients and water for the roots, but to make the plant steady. A combination of coarse perlite, humus, and orchid bark is proven good for most bromeliad types.

The growing conditions can determine your pot type selection. The examples are as follows.

  • For humid climates or in overwater cases, porous clay planters are suitable as they dry out quicker.
  • For dry climates, including indoor areas with forced-air heating or air conditioning, or in irregularly watering cases, plastic planters are more than good, as they retain moisture.
  • Too large pots will hold wetness longer and encourage rot to occur.
  • Wood pieces that are resistant to decay and any other nonpoisonous materials can also be used to mount the plants.

5. Temperature

Temperature of Houseplants
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Just like how the requirement of light for these plants is varied, that is also the case for temperature demand. While some bromeliad types can bear freezing nights of more than 100o F, the ideal necessity ranges around 50o–65o F during nights and about 70o–90o F during days throughout the year.

Due to their special photosynthesis process, which requires the variations of the temperature, daily heat fluctuation by more than 10o is importantly needed.

6. Water

Water of Houseplants
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These are the rules in watering your bromeliad types of plants.

  • The common tap water mostly works.
  • Water with an acidity level of 4.0–7.0 is more preferable, but many species can bear no more than pH 8.0.
  • Rain or deionized water can be used as an alternative in case any problems occur, but it can draw out the nutrients of the leaves. To avoid any unwanted mishap with this kind of watering, add a little amount of fertilizer as distillation.
  • Salty and alkaline water is prohibited.
  • Softened water is also not permitted as it contains a high level of sodium.
  • Hard water use will not affect the health of the plants, but avoid using it in any way possible because it leads to spotted leaves, thus makes your bromeliads not pleasant to see.
  • Water contented with moderate mineral concentration could be the cause of leaf tip dieback. Therefore, ensure to flush the tank bromeliads centers weekly.

C. Propagation of Bromeliads

Propagation of Bromeliads
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In cases of most bromeliad types, offsets will emerge after flowering, while the original plant dies slowly.

When they grow to around 1/3 the size of the original plant, separate them to create new individuals. Take the new plants to their pots, after that, and keep them in areas full of shades with higher humidity levels. If the new roots are seen, let them grow in rather dry medium to prevent rot to occur.

D. Related Facts

1. Bromeliads Can Grow to 30 Feet

Bromeliads Can Grow to 30 Feet
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It is of course not recommended to keep as a houseplant. However, several mature bromeliad types range from 1 inch to 30 feet or around 9 meters. While a few grow individually, some others appear to be ground cover and sometimes blended with orchids.

2. Bromeliads Can Propagate by Cloning

Bromeliads Can Propagate by Cloning
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It is not the literal meaning, everyone, but healthy bromeliads usually produce multiple pups or offsets, as in 3 to 4, without pollination before the original plant dies. People know this type of propagation as asexual reproduction or a version of cloning.

3. Bromeliads are Not Parasitic

Bromeliads are Not Parasitic
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Yes, they are not parasitic. As stated previously, some of them indeed grow on other plantations in the wild but without taking nutrients from the hosts. Therefore, we call them epiphytes, not parasites. Those two differ in where they get their nutrients.

4. Epsom Salt Helps Bromeliads Bloom

Epsom Salt Helps Bromeliads Bloom
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In cases where your bromeliads do not seem to bloom, make sure they have reached the maturity first before giving any treatment. The process usually takes more than a year. After ensuring the matter, only then you get to treat them.

Consider giving a little amount of Epsom salt to the medium. It will support your bromeliads to grow and bloom at last.

5. Bromeliads Attract Bugs

Bromeliads Attract Bugs
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Unfortunately, bromeliads attract a few pests. The worst among the group are aphids and mealybugs as they make the plants in damage. There is another bug of which can be a nuisance for you as the plant grower: mosquitoes.

For mosquitoes, bromeliads are attractive, but they do not have the intention to damage the plants whatsoever. The existence of plantations inside your home can be a problem for you if not handled well.

If kept well under ideal conditions, houseplants can be the forever-refreshing elements for your interior, especially if they are the ones of bromeliad types. We hope you get enough information from this page. Happy indoor gardening with bromeliads and thank you for reading!

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